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All You Need to Know about “Andare” – Conjugation in All Italian Tenses

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After discussing the conjugation of the verbs “essere” and “dire” in Italian, it’s time to focus on the “andare” conjugation. “Andare” is another fundamental verb, which mainly means “to go”. It is used when we want to talk about movement from a point to another one, no matter if it’s on foot or by any means of transport.

The Indicative Mood Conjugation of “Andare”

Let’s start by conjugating this verb in the finite mood indicativo (Indicative).

Note: The indicative mood is used when we want to express the certainty of an action. It has four simple tenses and four compound tenses, each of which indicates the time when the action takes place.

The “Andare” Conjugation: Indicativo, Presente (Present Tense)

As it very often happens with the most common verbs, “andare” is an irregular verb in the present tense, so you just need to memorize its forms.

io vado I go
tu vai you go
lui / lei va he / she goes
noi andiamo we go
voi andate you go
loro vanno they go

Examples:

  • Vado a casa in autobus. (I go home by bus.)
  • In Italia i bambini vanno a scuola anche il sabato. (In Italy, children go to school also on Saturdays.)
  • Domani la nonna di Marco va dal dottore. (Tomorrow Marco’s grandmother will go to the doctor.)

As you can see from the last example, in Italian we not only use the present tense to describe current actions, but also to express future actions. We understand we are talking about something that will happen in the future thanks to the time marker, in this case “tomorrow”.

The “Andare” Conjugation: Indicativo, Passato prossimo (Present Perfect Tense)

The passato prossimo is a compound tense.

Note: A compound tense is made of two verb components: an auxiliary verb (“essere” or “avere” depending on the verb) and the participio passato (past participle) of the verb.

The auxiliary verb for “andare” is “essere” and the past participle is andato. As it happens with all verbs which require this auxiliary verb to form the compound tenses, the past participle agrees with the subject of the sentence in number (singular or plural) and in gender (masculine or feminine), therefore we have four forms: andato (masculine singular), andata (feminine singular), andati (masculine plural), andate (feminine plural).

io sono andato / andata I have gone
tu sei andato / andata you have gone
lui è andato / lei è andata he/she has gone
noi siamo andati / andate we have gone
voi siete andati / andate you have gone
loro sono andati / andate they have gone

In Italian we use this tense when we want to talk about something we have started and completed in the past. It’s usually an action which only happened once.

Examples:

  • Ieri sono andata al centro estetico. (Yesterday I went to the beauty salon.)
  • Dove sei andato? (Where did you go?)

As you can see from the translations, the Italian passato prossimo usually translates into the Simple Past Tense in English.

The “Andare” Conjugation: Indicativo, Imperfetto (Imperfect Tense)

io andavo I went
tu andavi you went
lui / lei andava he/she went
noi andavamo we went
voi andavate you went
loro andavano they went

In contrast to the passato prossimo, the imperfetto is used to describe recurring actions of the past.

Example:

  • Da bambini andavamo sempre al parco giochi. (As children we always went to the playground.)

In this case the use of the imperfetto of “avere” is about a habitual action of where we used to go.

We can also use this tense to describe what happened while another action was in progress. Take a look at the following example.

Example:

  • Mentre andavo al supermercato, ho trovato un euro per strada. (While I was going to the supermarket, I found one euro on the street.)

The example belows describes a one-time action, but in this case we can’t use the passato prossimo, because the main focus is on the prolonged duration of the movement. For this reason, we use the imperfetto instead.

Example:

  • La macchina andava a tutta velocità. (The car was going at full speed.)

The “Andare” Conjugation: Indicativo, Trapassato Prossimo (Past Perfect Tense)

io ero andato / andata
tu eri andato / andata
lui era andato / lei era andata
noi eravamo andati / andate
noi eravate andati / andate
loro erano andati / andate

The trapassato prossimo is used to describe an action which happened before another action happened in the past. For this reason, we rarely use this tense by itself.

Examples:

  • Eravamo già andati all’aeroporto per prenderlo, quando ci ha chiamati per dirci che avevo perso l’aereo. (We had already gone to the airport to pick him up when he called us to tell us that he had missed his plane.)
  • Prima di conoscermi, non era mai andata ad un concerto rock. (Before she met me, she had never gone to a rock concert.)

The “Andare” Conjugation: Indicativo, Passato Remoto (Remote Past Tense)

io andai
tu andasti
lui/lei andò
noi andammo
voi andaste
loro andarono

This tense is typically used in formal written language, for example novels or historical books, especially when referring to an event happened in a distant past, but not only.

It’s rarely used in spoken language, where it’s substituted with the passato prossimo, so you just need to learn it in order to recognize it.

Example:

  • Nel 1854 Garibaldi andò in Inghilterra. (In 1854 Garibaldi went to England.)
Note: In the South of Italy, many people still use the passato remoto in spoken language. This is not considered standard language, though, since it’s the consequence of the influence of the local dialects.

The “Andare” Conjugation: Indicativo, Trapassato Remoto (Remote Perfect Perfect)

io fui andato / andata
tu fosti andato / andata
lui fu andato / lei fu andata
noi fummo andati / andate
voi foste andati / andate
loro furono andati / andate

Like the passato prossimo, the trapassato prossimo is used to talk about an action happened before another one in the past, but to use it, the other verb must be conjugated in the passato remoto. This makes it a less common tense in the Italian language.

The “Andare” Conjugation: Indicativo, Futuro semplice (Simple Future)

io andrò I will go
tu andrai you will go
lui / lei andrà he / she will go
noi andremo we will go
voi andrete you will go
loro andranno they will go

As already mentioned when talking about the present tense, in Italian we tend to avoid the use of the future if it’s clear from other elements of the sentence or from the context that we are talking about a future action.

Example:

  • I nostri vicini andranno / vanno in vacanza la settimana prossima. (Our neighbors will go on vacation next week.)

However, we can also use this tense to express assumptions, to talk about expectations or to indicate uncertainty.

Example:

  • – Sai dove va Laura? – Non lo so, forse andrà a casa. (– Do you know where Laura is going? – I don’t know, maybe she is going home.)

The “Andare” Conjugation: Indicativo, Futuro anteriore (Future Perfect Tense)

io sarò andato / andata I will have gone
tu sarai andato / andata you will have gone
lui sarà andato / lei sarà andata he / she will have gone
noi saremo andati / andate we will have gone
voi sarete andati / andate you will have gone
loro saranno andati / andate they will have gone

The futuro anteriore is not a very common tense, but we do need it when we want to talk about a future action which will only occur after something else has happened. Let’s look at the sentence below to see how it works.

Example:

  • Appena mio figlio sarà andato a dormire, ti dirò un segreto. (As soon as my son goes to sleep, I’ll tell you a secret.)

The action that will take place first is in the futuro anteriore, the other one that follows in the futuro semplice.

The Subjunctive Mood Conjugation of “Andare”

The subjunctive mood has two simple and two compound tenses. It’s used when we want to convey doubts, opinions, wishes, hopes and hypotheses. It is required after the verbs that express these meanings or after certain conjunctions, and it rarely stands by itself.

Note: Unlike the indicativo and the condizionale, you will see from the following conjugations in the congiuntivo that some forms are identical. This applies not just to “andare”, but to all verbs. For this reason, it’s the only Italian mood where is possible and advised to express the personal pronoun subject (e.g. io, tu, lui / lei) in order to avoid confusion.

The “Andare” Conjugation: Congiuntivo, Presente (Present Tense)

che io vada
che tu vada
che lui / lei vada
che noi andiamo
che voi andiate
che loro vadano

Example:

  • Voglio che tu vada via da me. (I want you to go away from me.)

The “Andare” Conjugation: Congiuntivo, Passato (Past Tense)

che io sia andato / andata
che tu sia andato / andata
che lui sia andato / che lei sia andata
che noi siamo andati / andate
che voi siate andati / andate
che loro siano andati / andate

Example:

  • I vostri genitori credono che ieri siate andati a casa presto. (Your parents believe that you went home early yesterday.)

The “Andare” Conjugation: Congiuntivo, Imperfetto (Imperfect Tense)

che io andassi
che tu andassi
che lui / che lei andasse
che noi andassimo
che voi andaste
che loro andassero

Example:

  • Aveva paura che andassero al cinema senza di lei. (She was afraid they went to the cinema without her.)

The “Andare” Conjugation: Congiuntivo, Trapassato (Perfect Tense)

che io fossi andato / andata
che tu fossi andato / andata
che lui fosse andato / che lei fosse andata
che noi fossimo andati / andate
che voi foste andati / andate
che loro fossero andati / andate

Example:

  • Non sapevano che fossimo andati negli Stati Uniti. (They didn’t know that we went to the Unites States.)

If you’re feeling a bit overwhelmed, that’s totally understandable: the congiuntivo conjugation gives a hard time to a lot of Italians, too!

The Conditional Mood Conjugation of “Andare”

The “Andare” Conjugation: Condizionale, Presente (Present Tense)

io andrei
tu andresti
lui / lei andrebbe
noi andremmo
voi andreste
loro andrebbero

The “Andare” Conjugation: Condizionale, Passato (Past Tense)

io sarei andato / andata
tu saresti andato / andata
lui sarebbe andato / lei sarebbe andata
noi saremmo andati / andate
voi sareste andati / andate
loro sarebbero andati / andate

Combined with the congiuntivo, the condizionale is used to form hypotheses.

Examples:

  • Se si potesse, andrei su Marte. (If it was possible, I would go to Mars.)
  • Se lo avessi saputo, sarei andato a trovarlo all’ospedale. (If I had known, I would have gone to see him at the hospital.)

The Imperative Mood “Andare” Conjugation

va’ / vai
vada
andiamo
andate
vadano

The imperativo is used to give orders. That’s way the first person singular form doesn’t exist.

The Indefinite Moods of “Andare”

Lastly, here are the indefinite mood forms of the verb “andare”.

Infinito

Presente (Present tense) Passato (Past tense)
andare essere andato / andata / andati / andate

Participio

Presente (Present tense) Passato (Past tense)
andante andato / andata / andati / andate

Gerundio

Presente (Present tense) Passato (Past tense)
andando essendo andato / andata / andati / andate

Challenge yourself with Clozemaster

Learning how to conjugate andare might seem daunting at first, but don’t worry, it comes naturally with practice.

Test your skills and see what you’ve learned from this article by playing a selection of Italian sentences with conjugated forms of andare.

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